Addiction is a disease — substance use disorder — within the brain, one to which some individuals are more susceptible than others. Both environmental factors (access to drugs and alcohol, peer pressure) and genetic factors (a history of addiction within the family) play a role in that susceptibility. When struggling with substance abuse disorders, addicts seek and use drugs impulsively, even after knowing the consequences that follow. Using drugs can destroy relationships with family and friends, devastate your career, finances, body, and mind.
After addicts come to terms with their addiction, it is essential to find the best program that can lead them to recovery. Some rehab facilities have programs that view addiction as a chronic illness. Rehabilitation programs offer therapeutic and medical plans that provide detox services, knowledge about addiction, and coping techniques for stress and triggers to relapse. With many different programs available, there are options for any addict to meet their specific needs.
Rehab programs essentially are split into two types: inpatient and outpatient services. Within these two types of programs, there are subcategories. Each program offers tailored treatment plans to different individuals and their specific needs.
Typically, those seeking recovery initially check into an inpatient rehab program, also known as residential treatment. Inpatient rehab is where the individual lives in a facility for the length of treatment. Most programs can range from 28 to 90 days, depending on the preferences and requirements of the patient. At the beginning of the recovery process, patients will often go through detoxification before starting treatment. Most inpatient treatment programs include a controlled detox program as part of their protocol. During the detox phase, medications are often used to help with the withdrawal process and symptoms. Speak with the therapy team if you have questions about using medications during detox.
After completion of the detox period, the treatment process continues. Now treatment is more focused around letting the substance leave the body and helping stabilize the individual during the withdrawal process. Stabilization enables the individual to acquire the skills to stay sober with the assistance of therapy, counseling, and education regarding recovery and addiction.
Pros and Cons of Inpatient Rehab Treatment
Not every care plan will be suitable for every addict. Everyone has unique needs, so it is a matter of finding the correct treatment plan for your specific needs. When weighing the options of inpatient care, here are some factors to consider.
Pros of inpatient rehab for alcohol and drug addiction:
- Supervision by psychiatric and medical professionals during withdrawal and recovery. This is important for those individuals who have severe substance abuse disorders or co-occurring physical and mental health disorders. Co-occurring disorders are typically best treated in facilities that offer dual diagnosis.
- Sober and stable setting
- Individual and group therapy
- Support from professionals to help achieve sobriety
- Lowered risk of relapse because of a substance-free environment and supervision
- Less contact with stress and triggers
- Specialized treatment (yoga, exercise, meditation, acupuncture, animal therapy)
- Higher chance of recovery with an extended and more structured care plan
- Options for choosing a luxury facility that has high-class services and lodging for business executives if needed
Cons of inpatient rehab for alcohol and drug addiction:
- Time off work, home responsibilities, or school
- Cost could be higher because room and board is available
- Less visiting time with family members or loved ones
Outpatient Rehab Treatment
Outpatient care can be an alternative to inpatient care, but in many circumstances, it may actually be the next step after the completion of a residential treatment program. An outpatient facility offers options comparable to inpatient facilities but is less demanding. Outpatient care permits patients to still live in their own home during times other than treatment hours. Being able to live in your home allows you to work and go to school or fulfill personal responsibilities, to “stay in your life.” In an outpatient setting, patients will still engage in weekly therapy sessions, whether those are individual or group meetings. Also, if needed, patients will meet with a psychiatrist to help them cope with cravings, withdrawal and any mental health disorders that are present.
Outpatient programs may apply one of these therapy types:
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy – helps patients acknowledge unhealthy behaviors and thoughts as well as provide them with tactics to change these unhealthy living habits.
- Contingency Management – offers individual motivation and rewards for those who regularly attend therapy sessions and who maintain sobriety.
- Motivational Interviewing – helps patients find and adjust any feelings that are getting in the way of recovery.
- Matrix Model – allows therapists to act as a teacher and coach. Matrix Model therapy focuses on inspiring the patient with confidence. This form of therapy is typically for stimulant use disorders.
- Multidimensional Family Therapy – this form of therapy helps families become closer during the recovery process. This is primarily for adolescents with drug addictions.
Pros and Cons of Outpatient Treatment
Pros of outpatient rehab for alcohol and drug addiction:
- Lowered cost because room and board is not available
- Ability to receive support from family members and loved ones
- Can work and go to school while in treatment
- Ability to use techniques to prevent relapse taught during treatment
Cons of outpatient rehab for alcohol and drug addiction:
- Not receiving 24-hour care and supervision
- Possibly higher risk of relapse if environments are not substance-free and stable
- Depending on the substance used, detox can have life-threatening withdrawal symptoms or other difficulties. When choosing outpatient care, the withdrawal symptoms can be hard to control.
Choosing the Best Rehab Treatment for You
Receiving help for addiction is one of the best and most important choices you can make for yourself. Choosing to live a happy and sober life can not only be beneficial for your health but can also help you reestablish relationships with friends, adult family members, and children. Choosing a treatment plan can be challenging, but it should not be a decision you make in a hurry.
It is important to consider several aspects before choosing between inpatient and outpatient programs. Understanding these aspects can help you eliminate doubts regarding your treatment program, which may improve your chance of achieving sustainable recovery. Ask yourself these questions before settling on your rehab program:
- Do you have a stable and supportive living environment?
- In the environment you are living in, are you exposed to drugs or alcohol?
- Do you have a support system that can help you stay sober?
- Do you have friends or family members who drink or do drugs around you?
- Can you afford to take time off school or work for a few weeks?
- Are you able to attend meetings and treatment sessions several times a week?
- Do you currently have any mental or medical health issues that need treatment for co-occurring disorders?
- Would you require special services such as gender-specific rehab or need disability assistance?
If you are still having trouble choosing between the available treatment options, pinpoint your specific needs and weigh out the pros and cons of inpatient or outpatient care. If you are still on the fence about your options, sit down with a treatment professional or a loved one. Receiving feedback from a professional or supportive family member can help you make the best decision for yourself.
No matter which form of treatment you choose, conquering substance abuse and addiction is essential to living a healthy life. Speaking with a professional therapist or doctor whether inpatient or outpatient services would be beneficial for your specific needs may be helpful in planning your recovery process. Taking this first step in seeking treatment helps improve the chances of maintaining sobriety, growing and upholding healthy relationships, and obtaining employment. If you are ready to take the first step to your sobriety, contact Serenity Acres today.