Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is commonly known or referred to as multiple personality disorder. When we think of DID, we generally think of extreme cases. However, as with any disease or illness, there is a spectrum, from the mild to the severe. In the general public, it is estimated that up to 3% of the population is suffering from DID. In the substance abuse, eating disorder, and OCD population, it is believed that up to 5% of the population suffers from DID.
Symptoms of DID
The National Alliance on Mental Illness lists several symptoms of DID in addition to having multiple identities, which include:
- Suicidal thoughts or actions
- Panic and anxiety
- Substance abuse
- Memory problems
- Eating Disorders
- Personality change
- Selective loss of memory
Often, it is believed that DID develops from PTSD or other traumas. This is not proven, however, but in clinical experience, they often go together. Whether or not the trauma causes the DID is up for debate.
It is believed that DID is under diagnosed due to several reasons. Most clinicians have been taught that DID is very rare and presents dramatically. The reality is that the signs are generally subtle and can seem to come and go. There is generally a “window of diagnosability” that is easily missed. A typical DID patient shows a variety of symptoms that mix dissociative and PTSD symptoms that generally also come along with non trauma-related symptoms (depression, panic attacks, substance abuse, etc). The non trauma symptoms are more familiar and present more consistently than the DID symptoms, often leading to misdiagnosis.
Practitioners also often use the same standard diagnostic interview tools that often do not include questions about dissociation, PTSD symptoms,or a history of psychological trauma. DID patients rarely volunteer information about their symptoms, so if a practitioner does not specifically screen for these symptoms, the diagnosis will not be made. Even if a patient volunteers information that would suggest DID, practitioners are not trained to recognize the symptoms and may tend to misdiagnose the patient according to other more common symptoms.
If you think you may have DID along with your substance abuse problem, it’s important that you choose a treatment program that is well versed in diagnosing and treating both. As always, being honest and up-front about what is going on in your life will help you to get the best treatment.
At Serenity Acres, our counselors and therapists are trained to screen for DID as well as other co-occurring disorders. We can then provide the most individualized and specialized treatment possible. If you have questions or would like more information, please call 1-800-203-2024